Quote marks for an exact match

If you want to look for an exact phrase you can use double quotes. e.g "Disbursements in favour of applicant" will find determinations with that phrase only. If you don’t use them, each word will be searched for separately.


Use “or” to find cases that contain any of the keywords.

For example, searching for "disadvantage OR dismissal" will find all cases in which the words "disadvantage" or the word "dismissal" appear. If you are unsure how something may be called, or spelled, you could try using OR.

By default, the search will look for cases that contain all the words that you have typed in the search box.


The "not" operator prevents retrieval of cases in which specified terms occur together. This is helpful when a keyword has multiple meanings.

For example, "misconduct NOT dismissal" will find cases in which "misconduct" occurs but not "dismissal".

Asterisk when you only know the start of a word

The asterisk can replace one or more letters at the end of a word. This helps you search for different variations of a word.

For example, "Redundan*" will find cases containing the words redundancy, redundant, redundancies.

Combine the above

Example: Redundancy AND (Salary OR wages OR pay OR earnings OR income)

This query will find cases that include redundancy, and at least one of the terms between brackets. The use of brackets allows you to control how the OR and the AND are applied, just like in maths.