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Ending employment

There are several ways in which employment relationships may be ended, such as resignation, retirement, dismissal or redundancy.

Resignation is the process where an employee gives notice to their employer of their intention to stop working for the employer.

An employee may have abandoned their employment when they are absent from work for an extended period of time without explanation. Not all unauthorised absences are abandonment.

A constructive dismissal is where an employee feels they have no choice but to resign.

An employer cannot force an employee to retire except in very limited circumstances.

‘Dismissal’ means the ending of a person’s employment by their employer. Dismissal can be for misconduct, but it doesn’t have to be (eg dismissal might be for redundancy).

The process to follow when an employer makes an employee redundant.

To end an employment relationship notice must be given by one party (the employee or employer) to the other party.

After an employee resigns, the employer must calculate their final pay.

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