It is important to be able to work out whether a day is an otherwise working day for an employee because eg:
- An employee is entitled to a paid day off work on a public holiday or alternative holiday, and may take sick leave or bereavement leave, only on days that are otherwise working days for them
- If an employee works on a public holiday and the day is an otherwise working day for them, they are entitled to an alternative holiday (unless they are employed to work only on public holidays)
- Annual holidays can only be taken on days that would be otherwise working days.
An otherwise working day is a day that an employee would have been working had the day not been a public holiday, sick leave, bereavement leave, annual holiday or alternative holiday for that employee.
If an employee is taking agreed time off without pay when they would otherwise be required to work, the day would not normally be classified as an otherwise working day.
In many cases it’s easy to work out whether or not an employee would otherwise have worked on the day in question because the working pattern or roster is constant and the employer and employee can easily agree about whether the employee would otherwise have worked that day.
Unclear whether a day is an otherwise working day
If it’s unclear whether the day is an otherwise working day for an employee, the things that the employee and employer must consider in trying to reach agreement include:
- what the employment agreement says
- the employee's usual work patterns
- any other relevant factors such as:
- if the employee works for the employer only when work is available
- the employer's rosters or other similar systems
- the reasonable expectations of the employer and employee as to whether the employee would have worked on that day
- if the employee would normally have worked if it wasn’t a holiday (public or alternative) or if the employee was not on leave (sick or bereavement)
The employer and employee must consider all of these factors when trying to reach agreement, eg the employer can’t just rely on one and then conclude that the day is not an otherwise working day.
Working out whether the day is an otherwise working day is a practical task, and each situation needs to be considered based on the employee’s specific situation and work pattern.
If the day falls during a closedown period, the above factors need to be taken into account as if the closedown period weren’t in effect.
An employer can’t take an employee off the roster on a public holiday when it’s a day that they would otherwise have worked on, in order to avoid giving the employee public holiday entitlements. Not recognising an employee’s holiday entitlements is against the law.
Otherwise working day calculator
When an employee does not have a clear work pattern or there’s a lot of variation in work times, it may be harder to decide if a day is an otherwise working day. You can use the Otherwise working day calculator to work it out. It will take about 15 minutes to work through all the steps of the Otherwise working day calculator.
If you’re still not sure you can contact us.
Tools and Resources
Otherwise working day calculator
Find out if you get a paid day off on a public holiday, and if you get an alternative holiday if you work on it .
Holidays Act 2003 - PDF 1.8MB
Guidance on holidays and leave.
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